In recent times, the benefits of red wine for our health are widely discussed. While some people still believe that this alcoholic beverage is overrated, others believe that one glass of wine a day should be part of a healthy nutritious diet.

Many different scientific studies confirmed that drinking red wine in moderation lowers the chances of several different diseases, like heart disease. However, the line between excessive and moderate consumption of this beverage must not be passed. In this article, we will analyze red wine and its health benefits in details.
French paradox

The fermentation of dark whole grapes results in red wine. This alcoholic beverage is loaded with antioxidants, so drinking it in moderation is beneficial for the overall health. This wine is also closely linked to the French paradox.

The French paradox is a phrase that refers to the fact that the French have low rates of experiencing heart disease, even though they consume foods that increase the bad cholesterol levels and contain a lot of saturated fats. According to the medical community, red wine is the reason why these people are protected from the harmful products and fats that they consume.

On the other side, recent studies showed that saturated fats and dietary cholesterol do increase the chances of heart disease if these nutrients are consumed in moderate amounts. Therefore, the health of the French people must be due to the healthy lifestyles that they lead and the whole products that they consume.

In conclusion, there are scientists who believe that red wine is the answer of the French paradox. That is the product which protects the health condition of the people in France.

Red wine and its plant compounds and antioxidants, such as resveratrol

Grapes are loaded with many different antioxidants. Some of them are proanthocyanidins, resveratrol, epicatechin and catechin. It is believed that the heart benefits of red wine come from 2 of these antioxidants – proanthocyanidins and resveratrol. Proanthocyanidins reduce the oxidative damage in your body. It also prevents cancer and heart disease.

The antioxidant resveratrol is in the skin of the grapes. The grapes produce this antioxidant as a response to an injury or damage. Resveratrol is connected to different health benefits, such as reducing the chances of cancer and heart disease, and fighting blood clotting and inflammation. This antioxidant has also been effective in prolonging the life of test animals.

Resveratrol and exercising

According to one study carried out on rats, resveratrol offers the same health benefits for the strength of the muscles and the function of the heart as exercising. Actually, this polyphenol mimics the effects of normal exercises.

On the other side, red wine contains only low amounts of resveratrol. The amount that was used in the rat study can be achieved only by consuming several bottles of red wine a day. This is definitely not beneficial. If you consume red wine due to the benefits of resveratrol, it is best to take resveratrol supplements.


Moderate consumption of red wine is beneficial for your health. The compounds of red wine are connected to longer lifespan, lower chances of cancer and heart disease and reduced inflammation.

Red wine reduces the chances of early death, stroke and heart disease

Red wine is an alcoholic beverage linked to many different health benefits. There is no other alcoholic drink that has been linked to all of those benefits. There is an explanation how moderate consumption of red wine reduces the chances of heart disease.

According to research, people who drink 150 milliliters of red wine per day are more than 30% less likely to have heart disease. However, excessive consumption of red wine increases the chances of this disease tremendously.

Moderate amounts of red wine reduce the chances of heart disease because they help the blood to retain the HDL or good cholesterol. It also reduces the chances of oxidation of LDL or bad cholesterol and oxidative damage by half.

According to some studies, people who are already at risk of developing heart disease, such as the elderly population, may benefit even more from moderate consumption of red wine.

Other studies show that drinking from 1 to 3 glasses of red wine daily, from 3 to 4 days per week, may reduce the chances of strong among middle aged men.

There is also evidence that de-alcoholized red wine can lower high blood pressure levels.

When compared with non-drinkers, beer or liquor drinkers, wine drinkers are the most likely to avoid dearth caused by heart disease.


The chances of experiencing stroke or heart disease are lowered with the consumption of 1 or 2 glasses of red wine per day. However, excessive consumption of this alcoholic beverage increases the risks tremendously.

Other benefits of consuming red wine

The antioxidants contained in red wine also connect this alcoholic beverage to many other health benefits.

This drink is linked to the following health benefits:

• Reduces the chances of cancer

According to medical studies, regular and moderate consumption of red wine reduces the chances of developing several different cancer types, including prostate, colon, ovarian and basal cell cancer.

• Reduces the chances of dementia

The risks of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are lowered by the consumption from 1 to 3 glasses of red wine on a daily basis.

• Reduces the chances of depression

According to a study carried out on elderly and middle aged people, from 2 to 7 glasses of red wine per week lower the chances of being depressed.

• Reduces resistance to insulin

Insulin resistance may be reduced by drinking 2 glasses of de-alcoholized or regular red wine per day for a month.

• Reduces the chances of type 2 diabetes

In women, red wine reduces the chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

It is evident that moderate consumption of red wine is beneficial for the health. However, you should also check out the negative effects of drinking red wine, which are described below in the article.


Moderate consumption of red wine reduces the chances of depression, dementia and cancer. In women, it reduces the chances of type 2 diabetes and it also reduces resistance to insulin.

The Negative Effects of Consuming Excessive Amounts of Alcohol

Even though moderate consumptions of red wine is beneficial, excessive amounts can cause negative side effects.

These negative side effects are:

• Alcohol dependence

Regular consumption of alcohol may get out of control and eventually result in alcoholism.

• Cirrhosis:

The chances of liver cirrhosis increase by regular consumption of alcohol. Consuming around 3 glasses of alcohol per day may cause liver damage and cirrhosis, which is a deadly disease.

• Depression

Non-drinkers and moderate drinkers are less likely to suffer from depression than people who consume large amounts of alcohol.

• Weight gain

Red wine contains more sugar than soft drinks and beer. Therefore, excessive consumption of red wine can lead to weight gain.

• Increased chances of diseases and death

Men increase their chances of diabetes if they consume red wine. Premature death is also connected to excessive consumption of alcohol.


Weight gain, liver cirrhosis and alcohol dependence are the consequences of consuming too much alcohol. The high intake of alcoholic drinks can also lead to premature death, disease and depression.

How much wine is good for you?

If you are a red wine fan, you don’t need to worry about the consequences, unless you are drinking more than it is recommended.

In the United States and Europe, moderate consumption of red wine includes drinking of:

• 1 to 1 and ½ glasses per day for women

• 1 to 2 glasses per day for men

According to the recommendations, from one to two days of the week need to be alcohol free.

The recommended amounts are for all alcohol intake. Drinking the recommended amounts of red wine plus consuming other alcohols may easily lead to excessive consumption of alcohol.

If you have a history with alcoholism, you should definitely avoid drinking alcoholic beverages, red wine included. People who have cases of alcoholism in their family should also be careful.


The moderate consumption of red wine includes drinking from 1 to 2 glasses of wine per day. You should also remember that at least two days of the week must be completely free of alcohol.

The final message

Red wine has been linked to many different health benefits. However, there is no reason to encourage the consumption of alcohol.

There are many different natural ways to improve your overall health condition without endangering your health.

On the other side, if you already enjoy red wine, you should not stop drinking it, unless you are exaggerating.

You won’t have problems if you drink from 1 to 2 glasses per day.