Migraines are a pretty common occurrence. They can last for a few hours, but they can also last for days. The worst thing about this type of headache is that it is not well understood medically as they are a result of neurological, environmental and genetic factors. They also vary from one person to another.

The common symptoms of migraines are: one-sided pain, two-sided pain, throbbing, searing pain, etc.

This type of headaches can also lead to sensitivity to smell, sound and light, chills, fever, nausea, vomiting, sweating, etc.

According to research, around 300 million people in the world suffer from migraines and daily there are 20 million migraine attacks.

Migraine causes

Many textbooks try to explain what causes a migraine attack. However, they cannot be explained in all cases. Here are some of the general causes:

• Excessive blood flow in the brain – according to most studies, migraine headache cause an increase of blood flow, rather than a decrease. However, when the migraine is ongoing, the circulation of blood is only slightly reduced.

• Nerve cell activity that leads to a neurological disorder – the activity of the cells leads to a neurological disorder, which actually causes the pain.

• Changes in the serotonin levels – according to some research, migraines can be caused by inflamed blood vessels in the brain.

• Construction of the brain’s blood vessels – the migraine pain may occur due to a vascular constriction of the blood vessels and decrease in the blood flow, which is followed by stretching and dilation.

• Vitamin deficiency – according to recent research, vitamins B6 and B12, as well as folic acid, reduce the chances of migraines. In fact, many studies showed that the consumption of riboflavin (vitamin B2) reduces the occurrence of migraines.

It was also shown, that increased levels of homocysteine can lead to migraines. Fortunately, the vitamins B6 and B12 reduce the homocysteine levels. The dose that you need of these vitamins varies according to your genotype.

For instance, the TT genotypes require higher vitamin doses. However, further research is needed to confirm the effect of these vitamins and to determine the optimal needed doses for every genotype.

Other studies showed that people who suffer from chronic migraines are usually deficient in vitamin D.